Tibet is indeed a very rich and beautiful land, located on the highest plateau on Earth at an average altitude over 4000 meter. It is nowadays the South west frontier of China. Within its borders there are more than fifteen peaks above 7000m. among which eleven are over 8000m .It borders with Sichuan, yunnan, Qinghai and Xinjiang; in the north, Nepal, India, Sikkim, Bhutan, Burma and Kashmir from its Southern boarders. The Tibet Autonomous Region with a population of over two million covers an area of 1.2 million sq. km.
Tibet however has proved over the years since, that its way of life has been able to withstand this influence. Power of thought and life itself overcoming the modern ravages of politics. Tibets doors were inched open, giving the world its first glimpse of the countryÅ› breathtakingly beautiful landscape. Today, visitors are drawn to the countryÅ› spectacular. Buddhist temples, ancient cities, enduring traditions and spectacular mountain scenery. This autonomous region of China is a plateau at an average elevation of 13,000 feet above the sea level. We offer many different types of tour to Tibet, with a range of hotels to suit every pocket. WhatÅ› more, as we understand that a vivid to this special country is a highly personal experience, we can also arrange a tour to meet your specific needs.
People and Language of Tibet:
Dalai Lama is the highest being in the world, holy and most revered among the people in Tibet. People are devoted in the religion. Tibetan people are rich in culture and tradition. Tibetans share their region with Menpa, Luopa, Han Chinese, Hui, Sherpa, and a few Deng people. Tibetans are the main inhabitants on the plateau. Tibetans are optimistic and happy people.
Traditionally, farmers settled in small villages with barley as their main crop. The roaming nomads earned their living by herding yaks and sheep. Most Tibetans in cities made a living as craftsmen. However, nowadays more and more people are migrating into businesses.
When to go Tibet:
Travel is possible at all times of year but from April to October is the best season.Since Tibet has high altitude in average of above 13000 feet above the sea level winter becomes cold with little snow except in few few areas. The sun shines brightly and cold air blows. The temperature comes up (25 to 30° C.) and gets warm but not hot in the summer still the sun can be very strong. In Central & Western Tibet there is small rains in June to August and specially the summer and autumn are dry.
Geography of Tibet:
Famed as the Roof of the World, the Tibet Autonomous Region of China is bounded by the Kunlun mountains to the north and the Himalaya to the south. Tibet covers an area of 1.2 million sq km.Tibet with it's mountains is the source and dividing line of the Asian continent's major rivers, with the Brahmaputra being the most important. Many of the rivers in Tibet can be used for hydroelectricity, but this potential hasn't been developed as of yet.
Culture of Tibet:
There is no prohibition on still and video cameras, tape recorders or radios as long as they are registered with a custom official. Printed matters considered unsuitable by the Chinese Government are prohibited, Customs regulations forbid the ex- port of art objects created prior to 1959 or souvenirs in amounts deemed to be excessive. There is only one airport in Tibet and only one international flight to Kathmandu, Nepal is in operation.
By Air: Kathmandu and Chengdu Gongkar Airport, Tibet.
(2) Simikot (Nepal) -Khojarnath-Purang
(3) Golmud - Lhasa
(4) Kashgar- Yecheng - West Tibet
(5) India- Lipu Lek Pass - Purang - Kailash.
There are some other entry points too but entering from any checkpoint, the tourists need special align permit for Tibet.
Entry Procedures To Tibet:
Only tour groups are officially allowed to enter into Tibet. But another option to enter Tibet you need a valid Chinese visa and align travel permit.You won't obtain the Chinese visa if you apply to go to Tibet (state any place except Tibet in the visa application form). You want to go to China, and need a valid visa to China. If you are willing to obtain your visas in Kathmandu also possible, you should arrive in Kathmandu at least a week prior to departure to Tibet. The visas can also be arranged within a day paying emergency charge. Please be sure that the Chinese embassy in Kathmandu will open for visa application from 10 to 11 AM only 3 days in a week (Monday, Wednesday and Friday).
Talking about the accommodation of Tibet, hotels and lodges are poorly kept with dirty carpets, broken windows and a feeling of abandonment, that permeates the lobbies & bedrooms. Hotel Lhasa (former Holiday Inn) While restaurants in Lhasa serve the best food and accommodation in Tibet. The food includes Tibetan cuisine, Sichuan cuisine and western style dishes.If you are taking trips outside, you should bring enough food as it is quite difficult to get in other parts of Tibet. In this regard we provide all the supplies and staff from Kathmandu in all our trekking group.
Clothing and Equipment:
From November to April warm clothes are required like Down Jacket, Thermal underwear, Warm Trousers warm sweaters, Woolen shirts, Gloves, Warm hats and from May to October Raincoat or Windbreakers, Jackets, Sunhats, Shirts, Walking shoes.However, a jacket and a sweater are advised through out the year as the weather may unexpectedly change at any time.The recommend items are: A domestic first aid kit, water purification tablets, toilet and tissue papers, flashlight, sleeping bag, comfortable walking shoes, dust masks, utility knife, sun hat, sun glasses, suntan lotion and a limited number of clothes.
Health and Medicine:
Traveling in Tibet involves high altitude and can be strenuous. Clients with heart and lung problems or blood diseases should consult their doctor before booking the trip. Very rare cases of altitude sickness have been reported. Simple headache; fever, loss of appetite or stomach disorders can happen before the acclimatization. Some advice: drink approx. 3 liters of water per day, do not strain yourself, move slowly, breathe deeply and take regular rests.
Tibet is rich in mineral resources, but still its economy has remained underdeveloped. Surveys of the Kailas and Ma-fa-mu-ts'o districts in western Tibet conducted in the 1930s and '40s discovered extensive goldfields and large deposits of borax, as well as reserves of radium, iron, titanium, lead, and arsenic. Subsequent investigative teams dispatched in the 1950s by the Academia Sinica (Chinese Academy of Sciences) reported the existence of a huge variety of minerals and ores. The most significant of these include a belt of iron-ore deposits located on the western bank of the Mekong River stretching for almost 25 miles south of Ch'ang-tu; graphite obtained from Ning-chin and coal reported to be plentiful around Chang-tu; deposits of iron ore in concentrated seams of high quality and extractable depth found in the T'ang-ku-la Mountains on the Tibet-Tsinghai border; and oil-bearing formations, a reserve of oil shales, and lead, zinc, and manganese. The most valuable woodland is the Khams district, though extensive forest-clad mountains are also found in the Sutlej Valley in the southwest and in the Ch'u-mu-pi Valley in the far south. In the late 1950s some 30 kinds of trees, including those of economic value such as varnish trees, spruce, and fir, were discovered; and the estimated total of forest timber resources in the Khams area alone was placed at more than 3,510,000,000 cubic feet (100,000,000 cubic meters).
The swift-flowing rivers and mountain streams have enormous hydroelectric power potential, totaling about one-third of all China's potential hydroelectric resources. Especially promising are the Brahmaputra, Lhasa, and Ni-yang-ch'ü rivers. The coal deposits and forests represent possible sources of thermal power production, and there are vast opportunities for geothermal, solar, and Elian power product.