Trekking in Nepal
The Himalayas literally, "abode of the snow" is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.The Himalayan range is home to the planet's highest peaks, including the highest,Mount Everest which lies at North East of Nepal.The Himalayas abut or cross five countries: Bhutan, India, Nepal, China, and Pakistan, with the first three countries having sovereignty over most of the range. Nepal alone contains 8 of the wolrds tallest mountains of the world.
Types of Trekking
Two types of treks are popular in Nepal; Tea House Trek and Camping Trek. "Teahouse trekking" along the main trails is the most common style, with decent lodges in every settlement (and between), it is possible to trek in comfort with minimal preparation, equipment and support. There is no need to camp and a selection of western style foods are readily available from a menu system. The trails are popular and you will meet many trekkers along the trail.
No special permits are required on some of the more popular treks, just national park entry tickets and the TIMS permit. The main areas for these treks areEverest/Khumbu Langtang and Annapurna. Facilities available in remote areas are less extensive than in the more popular areas. Off the main trails where there are no lodges and food from menus a Nepali guide becomes essential, and it may be advisable or necessary to visit such regions with organised groups, including guide, porters and full support. Kanchenjunga, Makalu Barun, Rolwaling, Dolpo, Humla are in remote areas. Many of them also require special permits.
The classic style of trekking in Nepal and can be conducted almost anywhere in the country. Camping trekking is fully organized and supported with a team of guides (who may or may not be Sherpas), cooks, and porters to accompany you.All the necessary trekking gear, food, fuel and other goods are carried by the porters. The cook will prepare all the meals during the camping trek. Trekkers need to carry only a small bag as required for the day. At night, tents for dining, sleeping and washing are provided and set up. Mattresses, sleeping bags, tables and seating are arranged by staff. A Sirdar (chief guide) is employed to pre-arrange and then to oversee the entire program. All land transportation, local permits, taxes, porter insurance, port dues and entrance fees to National Parks or sites that are part of the trip are arranged. Finally, if you are employing the services of guides and porters, it is customary to present a tip to the head guide at the end of the trip. This will be divided up between the various people employed in your group.
Levels of Trek
Mild This grade indicates that you will be walking for only five to six hours a day and its depend up to your walking speed. In most cases the trips will not go much higher than 3000 meters and they usually consist of around seven to 15 days of camping. Most people will require only minimal preparation for these treks.
Reasonable On reasonable treks you will be walking for up to seven to eight hours maximum a day. Paths are always well defined, but we will be spending time at altitudes above 3000 meters and could go as high as 5000 meters at certain stages of the route. If you are not particularly active, regular pre–trip exercise is recommended for any of these treks.
Adventure A good level of fitness is highly recommended for this journey. On occasions, you will be required to trek at walk for up to seven to eight hours in one day as Moderate. These trips are usually of three-week duration and could be longer.